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Informal Unemployment in Russia: New Tendency of Development in XXI Century

Informal Unemployment in Russia: New Tendency of Development in XXI Century

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 10 (no. 3),

The article is devoted to the reasons for the preservation and new trends in the development of informal employment in Russia at the beginning of the XXI century. The focus is on the wealth of shades of informal employment that exists in modern Russian society: from self-reliance and reimbursable family work to formal (unpaid or not fully paid) employment. The relationship between formal and informal economic activity in post- Soviet societies is studied in detail. If in the last decade of last century and the first decade of the current informal employment, as a rule, combined with the formal, now an increasing number of Russians are employed only in the informal sphere. The work of non-formals is becoming more and more qualified, the level of education and vocational training is growing. If in the formal sector there are no significant gender differences, then in the informal sector in recent years there has been a tendency for male labor to dominate. Informal employment continues to play an important role in the initial and final stages of the reproduction chain in areas such as agriculture, construction and trade, because in these areas it is easiest to hide the true scale of production, as well as various unformalized labor relations. The article discusses the relationship of formal and informal employment by stages of the economic cycle, shows the interdependence and interdependence of these types of employment, since the scale of informal employment largely depends on the income level of people employed in the formal sphere. Reducing these incomes has a cyclical effect on informal employment. In the conditions of an underdeveloped service sector, the growth of incomes of the population leads to an increase in the volume of informal employment and, conversely, their reduction leads to a decrease in the scale of informal employment

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Consensual Institutions for Neutralize of Neo-Malthusian Trap

Consensual Institutions for Neutralize of Neo-Malthusian Trap

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 10 (no. 3),

The article gives the meaningful and formal definition of the Malthusian trap and introduces the new concept – Neo-Malthusian trap. It is emphasized that the exit from the Malthusian trap in England was made by extremely cruel methods, which currently are not acceptable. Meanwhile, now humanity on the threshold of the need to overcome or at least partially to neutralize the neo-Malthusian trap, which requires a massive "unloading" of the labor market and completely new methods of state regulation. One of these new approaches is the creation of consensus institutions, which are understood the rules of functioning the society, formed as a result of silent, usually unarticulated agreements (consensus) between government and population. Such institutions smooth or postpone acute social conflicts, but undermine the economic efficiency of social system. Consensus institutions permeate the spheres of production and consumption and are widely represented in the Russian economy. The author considers the examples of such institutions in the field of employment, unemployment and leisure. It is shown that the new trend towards the creation of consensus institutions is typical for other countries.

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Labor Market Model: Institutional Dynamics and Features in Russia

Labor Market Model: Institutional Dynamics and Features in Russia

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 10 (no. 3),

The article analyzes a modern model of Russian labor market that can be called unique. Russian labor market is represented by a combination of differentiated regional markets, which are slightly connected. Differences between regional labor markets affect a whole range of parameters - level of employment and unemployment, level of demand for labor and spread of informal employment, level of remuneration, etc. Therefore, importance of studying regional labor markets is obvious. Russian model of labor market is characterized, on the one hand, by a weak correlation of level of employment and unemployment with the economic processes, and, on the other hand, by the flexibility of real wages. Labor market institutions in Russia ensure maintenance of high levels of employment, restraining growth of unemployment. The indicated feature of Russian labor market model determines specific advantages and disadvantages, primarily of regional labor markets. In addition, special attention is paid to analysis of dynamics of employment, as well as to directions of state economic policy. It is predicted that ongoing decline in working-age population will continue in medium term. For effective functioning of labor market, it is necessary to find balance between active and passive measures that will promote employment and ensure social protection in periods of instability.

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Тhe Analysis of Features Formation of the New Economic Mechanism of Rational Use Natural Resources in the Russian Federation

Тhe Analysis of Features Formation of the New Economic Mechanism of Rational Use Natural Resources in the Russian Federation

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 10 (no. 3),

The solution of problems of resource and ecological character in the modern world becomes the major condition performance before mankind of its rights for preservation of the favorable environment and also a factor which can in essential degree limit full development of world economy. The operating economic mechanism of innovative development shows that problems of ecological development gained already so large-scale character that it is almost impossible to solve them due to use of the operating tools. So, in 1992 at the international conference of the UN on the environment and development in Rio de Janeiro the document «The Agenda for the 21st Century» in which environmental problems, ways of their decision and an algorithm of transition to sustainable development which, as we know, is based on three components – social, economic and ecological development of the territory were designated was accepted. As shows experience of last years, it was succeeded to achieve performance of the set strategic tasks simply, and there was an increase in quantity of global problems and their aggravation. Formation of model of sustainable development is slowed down by imperfection acting in many countries including in Russia, the economic mechanism which cannot create necessary conditions and incentives for ecological and economic development. In article the main approaches to a concept of the economic mechanism of rational environmental management are considered, its main shortcomings existing at the moment in our country are analyzed and also the existing system of ecological taxes for the economic entities having negative impact on the environment and the system of ecological incentives for the enterprises introducing environmental technology in the production is considered.

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Structural Organization of the Financial System

Structural Organization of the Financial System

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 10 (no. 3),

The article attempts to summarize the results of theoretical studies of the structural organization of the financial system, highlight controversial issues, identify the evolution of theoretical ideas about the composition and structure of the financial system in domestic economic literature. Financial systems are characterized by dynamic development, it determines the modification of structural forms, the appearance of new types of relationships, according to the goals and objectives of the financial systems functioning at a stage of social evolution. In today's Russia, this target purpose is associated with the formation of the necessary prerequisites for stable economic dynamics in the face of financial constraints, which determines the importance of theoretical understanding of the problems of the financial system structural organization to search for vectors to increase its efficiency. The article analyzes the current state of the financial system of Russia in the context of its spheres and links for the years 2008–2018. It is shown that quantitative indicators characterizing the development of spheres and links of the Russian financial system have a conjugate dynamic, and illustrate a stable relationship with the economic conditions of post-crisis recovery or recession due to the co-evolution of the financial and economic systems. The findings allowed to justify the need for an integrated approach to the formation of institutional conditions and the creation of effective regulatory mechanisms that ensure the balanced development of all spheres and parts of the financial system.

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Economy Digitalization and Labour Productivity

Economy Digitalization and Labour Productivity

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 10 (no. 3),

The article is devoted to the analysis of the relationship between economy digitalization and labour productivity. Authors consider digitalization processes in a broad historic context as well as the dynamics of human labour productivity over the past thousand years with the description of the main drivers of changes in its growth rates: industrial and scientific and technological revolutions. During this, demographic patterns are also taken into account. A comparative analysis of approaches to the current value of the digitalization of the economy and its future impact is carried out. The effect of digitalization on both transformation and transaction costs is shown. The characteristics of digital technologies and their development in historical retrospective are given, and the digitalization of the economy is considered as one of the forms of innovative activity.

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Methodological Framework for Integrating Risk into Innovation in a "Digital Economy" Environment

Methodological Framework for Integrating Risk into Innovation in a "Digital Economy" Environment

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 10 (no. 3),

The article aims to explain the methodological aspects of the dissemination of risk management concepts in the field of innovation, which are used for the formation and development of the "digital economy." To this end, the following issues have been considered: State of methodological basis of risk management in the sphere of innovation in the context of digitalization of the economy of the country. The most relevant areas of methodological changes in the implementation of digitalization. Basic requirements to the updated methodology of risk management in the sphere of innovation in the context of the development of the "digital economy". Main directions of updating the methodology of risk management in the sphere of innovation of the "digital economy". Methodological aspects of combining alternative actions to reduce risks of innovation creation and promotion. The role of standards in the process of studying risks in the sphere of innovation. Moving from a traditional industry economy to a knowledge-based economy requires new concepts and methods for companies to maintain a competitive advantage. Peculiarities of the methodology for studying the risks of open innovation.

Views: 500

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Economic, Legal and Socio-Cultural Aspects of Cooperation in an Integration Society

Economic, Legal and Socio-Cultural Aspects of Cooperation in an Integration Society

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 10 (no. 3),

This material contains the results of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Economic, Legal and Socio-Cultural Aspects of Interaction and Cooperation in an Integration Society”, which was held April 25-30, 2019 in Yerevan, Republic of Armenia. Information on the main co-organizers of the conference is presented, a description of the problems discussed and the main directions of the discussions are given. The article reflects a number of provisions and ideas voiced by speakers who spoke during the meetings and summed up certain results of the event.

Views: 445

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