Pushkinskaya st. 43. office 10
Rostov-on-Don, Russia
344082
e-mail: info@hjournal.ru 
tel. +7(863) 269-88-14

cubsEN (2)

Maternity Capital as an Economic Factor, Forming Social Expectation of Women with Two or More Children

Maternity Capital as an Economic Factor, Forming Social Expectation of Women with Two or More Children

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 1),

The paper presents the results of sociological study devoted to the evaluation of the social expectations of women associated with the realization of their right to maternity capital. Different social attitudes and intentions of 308 women who have two and more children with respect to realization of the program of the maternity capital were investigated. Characteristics of cognitive, emotional and behavioral readiness to participate in the governmental program of increasing fertility were assessed. The results confirm the adequacy and objectivity of the social expectations of women. They made the decision about the birth of a second child without taking into account the expected payment of the maternity capital (for 33.8% respondents maternity capital had “no meaning”; for 36.4% respondents it was just a “pleasant additional payment”). The reproductive behavior of women was based on family traditions (91.9% respondents were born in big families with two or more children) and awareness of their personal responsibility for bearing and raising children (45.8% respondents were ready “for any difficulties for their children”, 23.1% respondents consider their children as “happiness and meaning of their lives”). However, 22.0% of women made their decision about the birth of the second child with expectations for the maternity capital. They were the women from the low-income families (29.6%). Promotion the childbirth in low-income families may lead to the increasing number of dysfunctional families and children who find themselves in difficult life situations. All this facts may lead to different social problems in the future.


Keywords: social expectations; woman, raising two or more children; maternal capital.

References:
  • Аbazieva K. G. (2009). Working mothers: gender decomposition of wages. Bulletin of Samara State University of Economics, no. 10, pp. 5-10. (In Russian).
  • Baryschnikova Т. Yu. (2010). Maternity capital as a special kind of social security: family-legal and civil-legal aspects. Bulletin of Labor Law and Social Security Law, vol. 5, pp. 52-64. (In Russian).
  • Elizarov V. V. (2009). The contribution of the Governmental policy of family support to the standards of family living. The Standard of Living of the Population of Russia’s Regions, no. 8-9, pp. 50-61. (In Russian).
  • Filchikova S. Yu. (2012). General conditions of provision of the regional maternity (family) capital. Bulletin of the Institute of Legislation and Law Information Named after M. M. Speransky, no. 3(18), pp. 9-18. (In Russian).
  • Golovin А. А. (2014). The results of the demographic program “Maternity capital”. Actual Problems of Modern Science. Proceedings of the International Scientific-Practical Conference. Kursk, pp. 49-52. (In Russian).
  • Korotina N. Yu. and Ryzhenkova I. A. (2012). Maternity capital as a tool of the society policy in resolving of the demographic problems of Russian Federation. Chelyabinsk Humanities, no. 2(19), p. 24. (In Russian).
  • Kohan A. N. and Ponomarev O. V. (2013). On the issue of legal regulation of the use of the maternity capital. Law and Order in Modern Society, no. 13, pp. 296-298. (In Russian).
  • Latypova N. S. (2015). Some problems of implementation of the "maternity capital". Actual Problems of the State and Society in the Area of Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen. Ufa, Ufa Law Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, no. 2, pp. 270-275. (In Russian).
  • Leontyeva A. G. (2010). Social support of family and its influence on the reproductive activity of the population. The Economy of the Region, no. 4, pp. 204-210. (In Russian).
  • Lomakina M. V. (2011). Changing women's reproductive systems in the context of the implementation of the national demographic program (maternity capital). Sociology in the Modern World: Science, Education, Creativity, no. 3, pp. 28-33. (In Russian).
  • Malyutina T. G. (2014). Maternity (family) capital - an effective tool for improving the demographic situation. Journal of Northeastern State University, no. 2, pp. 64-66. (In Russian).
  • Moskovtseva E. A. and Kim Yu. E. (2014). The essence and the problems and the federal program "maternity (family) capital". "Scientists Notes of TOGU", vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 100-107. (In Russian).
  • Rudych S. N. (2015). On the maternity capital. Abstracts of scientific-practical conference. Irkutsk Law Institute (branch) of the Academy of General Prosecutor of Russia, pp. 72-75. (In Russian).
  • Sachkova E. A. (2013). Use of maternity (family) capital. Baikal research journal, no. 5, p. 27. (http://eizvestia.isea.ru/ - Access Date: 23.12.15). (In Russian).
  • Tokareva I. A. and Rinchinova A. B. (2012). Maternal capital as a tool of government social policy. Strategy of Sustainable Development of the Region, no. 11, pp. 184-188. (In Russian).
  • Vafin E. Ya. (2013). Maternity Capital: Implementation of the Federal Law dated 27.12.2006 № 256 - FZ "On additional measures of state support for families with children". Actual Problems of Economic Science, no. 31, pp. 122-125. (In Russian).
  • Volokitina О. V. (2015). Maternity capital: legal aspects. Gaudeamus Igitur, no. 2, pp. 43-44. (In Russian).
  • Yakimenko M. V. and Vostruchina D. Yu. (2015). Vostruhina D.Y. Maternal capital as a tool for socially oriented state policy. Economic Research, no. 1, pp. 1-2. (In Russian).
Publisher: Ltd. "Humanitarian perspectives"
Founder: Ltd. "Humanitarian perspectives"
Online ISSN: 2412-6047
ISSN: 2078-5429