Pushkinskaya st. 43. office 10
Rostov-on-Don, Russia
344082
e-mail: info@hjournal.ru 
tel. +7(863) 269-88-14

cubsEN (2)

Trial by jury: past and present

Trial by jury: past and present

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 5 (no. 3),
p. 139-148

In the paper fundamental questions of functioning of a jury in Russia in second half XIX century and during the modern period after their revival in the Russian Federation in 1993 are considered. The jury takes a special place among institutes of the Russian justice. On the historical destiny it was futuristic experiment (it was established in the country in 1864 during unprecedented judicial - legal reform when the with the little earlier - several years ago, in Russian empire not cancelled serfdom still operated) and could exist 50 years - till 1917 (the beginning of the Soviet period), and in the subsequent has been again claimed in modern legal system of Russia.
Initially the jury in Russia possessed original features which changed eventually. During the modern period by virtue of the objective and subjective reasons the jury is transformed to the differentiated order of criminal trial intended for consideration of criminal cases on the basis of the petition accused.


Keywords: criminal legal proceedings; proceeding; a jury; the juryman; a verdict

References:
  • Bobrishchev-Pushkin A. M. (1896). Empirical Laws of the Russian Jury Activity. Moscow, p. 49. (In Russian).
  • Hessen I. V. (1905). Judicial Reform. St. Petersburg, p. 142. (In Russian).
  • Gorodysky J. K. (1901). Our Courts and Court Orders According to the Audit in 1895. Journal of the Ministry of Justice, no. 2, p. 13. (In Russian).
  • Demichev A. (1997). Military Jury. Legality, no. 8, pp. 56-58. (In Russian).
  • Demichev A. A. (1997). Causes of the Crisis of the Russian Jury Trials in 18781889. History and Politics: Methodology, Historiography, Politics: All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference. Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 79-80. (In Russian).
  • Law of the Russian Federation of 16 July 1993 "On Amendments and Additions of the RSFSR Law "On the Judicial System of the Russian Federation", the Criminal Procedure Code of the RSFSR, Criminal Code of the RSFSR and the RSFSR Code of Administrative Offences". Vedomosty of the Congress of People's Deputies and the Supreme Soviet RF, 1993, no. 33, art. 1313. (In Russian).
  • 3PSZ Number 10710 // Quoted by: Russian Law in X-XX Centuries. 9 vols., vol. 8 Judicial Reform. Moscow, 1991, p. 196. (In Russian).
  • Coney A. F. (1895). Opening and Closing Reports a Jury Trial and Judgment with Representatives of the Estates under the Leadership of the Meetings of the Chairmen and Senior Prosecutors Chambers 29-31 December 1894. Journal of the Ministry of Justice, no. 4, pp. 47-48. (In Russian).
  • The Concept of Judicial Reform in the Russian Federation, p. 80. (In Russian).
  • Pashin S. A. (1994). Judicial Reform and Trial by Jury. Moscow, Russian Legal Academy (RLA) Publ., p. 163. (In Russian).
  • Charter Criminal Justice. Russian Law in X-XX Centuries. 9 vols., vol. 8 Judicial Reform. Moscow, 1991, p. 322. (In Russian).
  • Tsiganenko S. S. (2004). The Total and Differential Orders of the Criminal Proceedings. Abstract of the Dissertation of the Doctor of Legal Sciences. St. Petersburg, p. 46. (In Russian).
Publisher: Ltd. "Humanitarian perspectives"
Founder: Southern Federal University
ISSN: 2078-5429