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Search the way of Soviet Russia development: bifurcations and alternatives, 1918-1928

Search the way of Soviet Russia development: bifurcations and alternatives, 1918-1928

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 4 (no. 3),
p. 6-25

In the 1918-1928 an institutional search is carried out in Russia - search of this type of economic policy, which would bring the country out of the systemic crisis. The victory of the Bolsheviks led eventually to the alternative modernization - an attempt to solve the same problems that have considered by the countries of first and second levels of capitalism development, but by means of diametrically different methods: no transformation of the market mechanism, but its complete replacement by policy management mechanism. The modernization program of the Russian economy was born, not only and not so much on theoretical reflection, as of the daily business practices of the "Bolshevik experiment". Communist ideology has played in the choice of these methods a significant, but not decisive role, on the contrary, the alternative modernization practice led to "adjustment" the ideology to a real opportunity.


Keywords: institutional economic history; the Russian civilization; power-property; institutional competition; overtaking development; economics of the Civil War, NEP; collectivization; retroprediction; the Soviet economy

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